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Understand the Causes and Treatments for Dry Mouth

Saliva plays an active role in keeping the mouth clean and aiding in digestion of food. Saliva also helps to prevent infections by neutralizing the acids formed by plaque in the mouth. If you don’t make enough saliva in your mouth, you may experience discomfort and a condition commonly known as dry mouth or xerostomia.


The main causes of dry mouth

Medications: One of the side effects of certain medications such as drugs used to treat depression, pain, anxiety, allergies and colds, is dry mouth. Sedatives and muscle relaxants can also contribute to dry mouth.


Diseases and infections: There are infections that cause dry mouth. They include diabetes, HIV/AIDS, Alzheimer’s Disease, Parkinson’s Disease, mumps, stroke and hypertension. You’ll need to undergo further tests to determine if you have an underlying condition that contributes to the dry mouth.


Medical treatments: There are treatments that can make you suffer from dry mouth. For instance, if you undergo radiation therapy, your salivary glands may be damaged in the process reducing the amount of saliva that is generated in the mouth. This in turn causes dry mouth. If you undergo radiation or any chemotherapy treatment, it can result in dry mouth.


Nerve damage: When the nerves in the neck or head area are damaged, it can result in dry mouth. Nerve damage may be due to an injury or surgery.


Dehydration: You may also experience dry mouth due to conditions such as excessive sweating, diarrhea, burns or fever that contribute to moisture loss in the body.


Lifestyle choices: There are individuals who are more prone to dry mouth such as smokers or people who breathe with their mouth open.


Symptoms of dry mouth

If you suspect that you may be suffering from dry mouth, watch out for the following signs and symptoms:


  • A burning or tingling sensation in the mouth especially the tongue area
  • Bad breath
  • A dry feeling in the mouth
  • Frequent thirst
  • Cracked lips
  • Dry feeling in the throat
  • Sores in the mouth
  • Dry nasal passages
  • Frequent sore throats
  • Trouble speaking, chewing and swallowing


How dry mouth is treated

When you visit your dentist Barrie, you may be given an oral rinse that will help to restore moisture in the mouth. Sometimes, that doesn’t help and the doctor will then prescribe medication known as Salagen that works by stimulating the production of saliva.


There are other steps that you can take to stimulate saliva production. They include:


  • Chewing or sucking on sugarless candy/gum
  • Consuming lots of water to keep the mouth moist
  • Using fluoride toothpaste or mouth rinse
  • Avoid breathing through the mouth and instead breath through the nose
  • Avoid dry air by using a vaporizer in a room when you turn on the dryer
  • Consider getting an artificial saliva substitute that is normally sold over the counter


Dry mouth increases your risk of gingivitis and can cause severe bad breath. Consider visiting a doctor today to have this condition diagnosed and treated.

Additional Articles
J Cave
J Cave
12:59 09 Jul 18
We moved to Barrie in 1997 and my family has been coming to Dr. Chapnick since then! We love the whole team and have never had a bad visit! I encourage everyone to come here .
Nikki Stephens
Nikki Stephens
21:37 06 Jun 18
I had such a relaxing experience for a tooth extraction. Super friendly staff. Now today is my son's first consult and he is having a great time in the play area. Highly recommended!
Kayla Lopez
Kayla Lopez
12:37 08 Jun 18
What a fantastic office, the staff are incredibly thoughtful and friendly ❤ And a big thank you to Monique, who was so patient and gentle with my kids, they're actually excited to go to the dentist if they know that shes going to be there. Highly recommend!
Cassandra Mckechnie
Cassandra Mckechnie
15:28 31 May 18
The staff here are always so friendly! I hadn’t been to a dentist in years before coming here. It’s a very stress free environment where you can relax while there.
Nadia Chalmers
Nadia Chalmers
19:04 30 Jan 18
Our daughter was 5 weeks old when she had a frenectomy done at Molson Park Dental and we couldn’t be happier with the experience and end results. The entire team was so friendly and did such a wonderful job keeping me at ease during the procedure. Also, our daughter started nursing 100 times better immediately after the procedure was done. We can’t thank you enough for allowing us to continue our breastfeeding journey pain free and allowing our daughter the ability to nurse efficiently :)
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