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Causes Of Sore Gums

Gum Importance

Gums are very important as they provide stability for your teeth. They need to stay healthy for the teeth to remain strong.


Gums contain blood vessels that supply the roots of the teeth with nutrients and oxygen. Sore gums are not only uncomfortable but may also be an indication that something could be wrong. Once you identify swollen gums, you should contact a dentist Barrie immediately. Addressing the inflammation early can help prevent advanced gum diseases like periodontitis. Periodontitis leads to tooth loss.


Characteristics of Swollen Gums

  • The color may change to red, pink, blue or purple
  • Bleeding when you brush or floss
  • Rolled margin along the teeth
  • Pain



  • Incorrect teeth cleaning techniques


Incorrect brushing and flossing techniques can cause gum inflammation. The gums are delicate and thus if you brush too hard, you will cause them to swell. Using a very stiff toothbrush or abrasive toothpaste could also be the cause. You don’t need a very strong toothbrush to clean the teeth. All you need is to apply the right techniques. If you are scrubbing too hard when brushing so as to whiten the teeth, consider aesthetic dentistry Barrie for professional teeth whitening. If you notice that your gums are very sensitive, buy a soft brittle toothbrush and mild toothpaste. You can request a Barrie dentist to recommend one for you.


Hormonal Changes

Hormonal fluctuations can cause the gums to become more sensitive leading to swelling. Hormonal changes during pregnancy may cause not only swollen gums but also tooth decay.

Causes Of Sore Gums

Oral Infections

Virus and fungi can cause oral infections leading to swollen gums. STD and oral thrush can cause the gums to swell. Thus once you have an infection, you should visit a healthcare facility immediately for treatment.


Acidic Foods

Acidic foods cause irritation to the tissues of the gum line. Consuming citrus fruits, sugary foods, and soda in excess will result in swollen gums. You can eliminate such foods in your diet for a few days to see if the swelling goes away.

Causes Of Sore Gums

Nutrient Deficiency

Malnutrition can result in unhealthy gums. Oral health depends largely on the B and C vitamins. If there is a deficiency of vitamin C, it could lead to gum disease and anemia. A balanced diet is essential for healthy gums and overall health and wellness.



Taking hot foods and drinks can cause trauma to the tissues of the gum line. Inflammation resulting from burn will go away within a week or two.


Misaligned Teeth

If a misaligned tooth is not addressed, it could breed infections leading to swollen gums.



Some of the appliances that you are given for cosmetic dentistry Barrie or to treat infections can cause inflammation. It will go away as the mouth adapts to the new appliance.


Caring For Sore Gums

Good dietary and oral hygiene practices will help you avoid sore gums. If the inflammation is as a result of infection, it should be treated by the dentist to avoid more serious problems.


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