Periodontal disease arises when plaque and tartar is not removed from the teeth regularly. Plaque is a sticky film of sugars and bacteria that forms on the surface of the teeth. Tartar is a hard substance that can only be removed at the dentist’s office. Plaque is the main cause of gum disease and cavities. When the plaque hardens, bacteria are trapped in the tartar at the base of the teeth.
When tartar is not removed, it leads to gingivitis which then progresses to periodontal disease. Periodontitis is a common dental health issue that affects many people. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, roughly 47% of adults aged thirty and above have periodontal disease. The disease can have a negative impact on one’s well being and thus it is important to take steps to reduce its impact in your health and well being.
The most common symptom of periodontal disease is bleeding gums when you brush and floss your teeth. The gums also become overly sensitive to heat and cold. Over time the gums become soft and they begin to pull away from the teeth. Eventually the teeth begin to feel loose and may shift from their positions.
If the problem is detected early, it can be slowed down and some of the damage reversed. Early detection of dental problems is one of the reasons why you need to visit the dentists regularly. If you don’t attend a dental clinic it may be hard to notice the symptoms of periodontitis until the symptoms become severe.
If the problem is not addressed immediately, the gums will move further away from the tooth, creating more space for plaque and tartar to form on. The inflammation will lead to advanced bone loss. If no action is taken, the teeth will begin to fall out.
If the disease is fully progressed, then the damage cannot be reversed. Past the gingivitis stage, one can only exercise management and care to prevent progression. This can be achieved through:
The first step in care and management of periodontal disease is to visit a cosmetic dentist regularly. The teeth need to be cleaned every three months to keep the tartar and plaque under control. This will help to reduce gum irritation and keep the teeth clean. A high pressure device may be used to aid in plaque removal.
Scaling and planning can also be done during the first dental visits. Another treatment for periodontal disease is the application of antibacterial gels to the gum line. If the disease is very advanced, then one may require periodontal surgery. The surgery is done to remove bacteria and calculus from underneath the teeth.
At home patients should brush and floss at least twice a day. One may also use a mouthwash to kill bacteria. However, don’t buy one unless your dentist recommends it.
Cosmetic dentistry Barrie recommends proper care for periodontal disease, not only for improved dental health but also to prevent risk of other conditions like stroke and heart disease.