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Congenitally Missing Teeth: What are they?

The congenitally missing teeth, also known as hypodontia, is a special condition in which the adult teeth fail to develop. This condition can also affect primary teeth but this is in very rare cases. Genetic disorders are the main cause of these issues.

Which teeth are affected?

The wisdom teeth (third molars) are the most affected in this condition. It is, however, important to note that they are not included in the hypodontia definition. The reason for this is because it is thought to be normal not to have the third molars. The most commonly missing teeth are the upper lateral incisors and the lower second premolars.

Genetic disorders

As aforementioned, the case of congenitally missing teeth is attributed to a genetic disorder. This disorder is known as ectodermal dysplasia. It doesn’t just affect teeth but also nails, hair, glands and skin. When you have this genetic disorder, the teeth can be malformed, prone to decay or be missing.

It is good to note that people with ectodermal dysplasia have normal life expectancy. Most people don’t have any developmental delays. If you suspect you or your child has ectodermal dysplasia, the first person you should contact should be a Barrie dentist. This is because people with this disorder have identifiable differences in their tooth development.

How do you know you have a missing tooth?

The first step is to visit your dentist. A dental professional will easily identify missing teeth. An x-ray may be needed for confirmation. Other signs include:


  • Having gaps between the teeth
  • Losing baby tooth with no adult tooth growing in its place
  • Having baby teeth longer than normal

If you have no adult tooth that grows to replace the baby tooth, the baby tooth will at often remain in the mouth longer. In some cases, baby teeth can last into adulthood. This will depend on the tooth’s condition and the length of its roots. You might need to extract the baby tooth and have a treatment plan for the space that is left.


There are several treatment options that will be recommended to you in cosmetic dentistry:




This is the best option since it works like the natural teeth. It offers better comfort and satisfaction. The treatment option is ideal for adults.




This is the second most common option in filling spaces left by congenitally missing teeth. Two crowns are placed on either side of the space and an artificial tooth between them. This solution is non-removable. Thorough cleaning beneath the bridge is required to maintain tooth and tissue health.




This is a technique used to close the gaps without filling the space. The treatment can be used with other solutions.




These are often used as short-term solutions before a permanent solution is found.


Having congenitally missing teeth is not something that should scare you. There are so many treatment solutions that you can use to resolve the problem. You will need to discuss the available options with your dentist and settle for the one that offers lasting and natural results

Additional Articles About Aesthetic Cosmetic Dentistry
J Cave
J Cave
12:59 09 Jul 18
We moved to Barrie in 1997 and my family has been coming to Dr. Chapnick since then! We love the whole team and have never had a bad visit! I encourage everyone to come here .
Nikki Stephens
Nikki Stephens
21:37 06 Jun 18
I had such a relaxing experience for a tooth extraction. Super friendly staff. Now today is my son's first consult and he is having a great time in the play area. Highly recommended!
Kayla Lopez
Kayla Lopez
12:37 08 Jun 18
What a fantastic office, the staff are incredibly thoughtful and friendly ❤ And a big thank you to Monique, who was so patient and gentle with my kids, they're actually excited to go to the dentist if they know that shes going to be there. Highly recommend!
Cassandra Mckechnie
Cassandra Mckechnie
15:28 31 May 18
The staff here are always so friendly! I hadn’t been to a dentist in years before coming here. It’s a very stress free environment where you can relax while there.
Nadia Chalmers
Nadia Chalmers
19:04 30 Jan 18
Our daughter was 5 weeks old when she had a frenectomy done at Molson Park Dental and we couldn’t be happier with the experience and end results. The entire team was so friendly and did such a wonderful job keeping me at ease during the procedure. Also, our daughter started nursing 100 times better immediately after the procedure was done. We can’t thank you enough for allowing us to continue our breastfeeding journey pain free and allowing our daughter the ability to nurse efficiently :)
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