The congenitally missing teeth, also known as hypodontia, is a special condition in which the adult teeth fail to develop. This condition can also affect primary teeth but this is in very rare cases. Genetic disorders are the main cause of these issues.
The wisdom teeth (third molars) are the most affected in this condition. It is, however, important to note that they are not included in the hypodontia definition. The reason for this is because it is thought to be normal not to have the third molars. The most commonly missing teeth are the upper lateral incisors and the lower second premolars.
As aforementioned, the case of congenitally missing teeth is attributed to a genetic disorder. This disorder is known as ectodermal dysplasia. It doesn’t just affect teeth but also nails, hair, glands and skin. When you have this genetic disorder, the teeth can be malformed, prone to decay or be missing.
It is good to note that people with ectodermal dysplasia have normal life expectancy. Most people don’t have any developmental delays. If you suspect you or your child has ectodermal dysplasia, the first person you should contact should be a Barrie dentist. This is because people with this disorder have identifiable differences in their tooth development.
The first step is to visit your dentist. A dental professional will easily identify missing teeth. An x-ray may be needed for confirmation. Other signs include:
If you have no adult tooth that grows to replace the baby tooth, the baby tooth will at often remain in the mouth longer. In some cases, baby teeth can last into adulthood. This will depend on the tooth’s condition and the length of its roots. You might need to extract the baby tooth and have a treatment plan for the space that is left.
There are several treatment options that will be recommended to you in cosmetic dentistry:
This is the best option since it works like the natural teeth. It offers better comfort and satisfaction. The treatment option is ideal for adults.
This is the second most common option in filling spaces left by congenitally missing teeth. Two crowns are placed on either side of the space and an artificial tooth between them. This solution is non-removable. Thorough cleaning beneath the bridge is required to maintain tooth and tissue health.
This is a technique used to close the gaps without filling the space. The treatment can be used with other solutions.
These are often used as short-term solutions before a permanent solution is found.
Having congenitally missing teeth is not something that should scare you. There are so many treatment solutions that you can use to resolve the problem. You will need to discuss the available options with your dentist and settle for the one that offers lasting and natural results